August 11, 2020

The current situation and development of the photovoltaic industry in Shanghai

Abstract 1. Status of Shanghai Photovoltaic Industry Shanghai is one of the earliest regions in the domestic PV industry. Shanghai Jiaotong University, Fudan University, Shanghai Solar Energy Institute, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Mechanics and other scientific research institutions are the earliest institutions engaged in photovoltaic research and development in China, and Shanghai...
1. Status of Shanghai PV Industry

Shanghai is one of the earliest regions in the domestic PV industry. Shanghai Jiaotong University, Fudan University, Shanghai Solar Energy Institute, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Mechanics and other scientific research institutions are the earliest institutions engaged in photovoltaic research and development in China, and Shanghai Jiaotong University Taiyang, Aerospace Electromechanical and other companies are also the first in China. The photovoltaic industry manufacturing companies, these companies once became the cradle of China's photovoltaic industry, and later sent a large number of talents to Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Hebei, Sichuan and other places.

In the wave of photovoltaics from 2005 to the first photovoltaic development in 2010, in Jiangsu, Sichuan, Hebei, Jiangxi and other provinces, in just five or six years, dozens of international listed companies have emerged, all of which are market value. More than 100 million PV companies, some of which have a market value of more than 100 billion. During this period, Shanghai's photovoltaic industry has also developed. Shanghai Solar Technology, which belongs to Aerospace Electromechanical, is developing continuously. Comtec and Chaori Technology have been listed. Hebei Jingao, Wuxi Suntech, Zhejiang Zhengtai and Inner Mongolia Mountain Road have also set up photovoltaic factories in Shanghai. However, the scale of photovoltaic enterprises in Shanghai is not large, and it is not systematic, and there is no upstream or downstream industrial chain. By the end of 2012, Jiaotong University Taiyang was auctioned, and Chaori Technology rumored that the boss “runs the road” and was suspended from trading, especially the 1 billion “super-day debt” issued by the Shanghai Stock Exchange in 2014 due to the inability to pay interest. The formation of a breach of contract has become the first breach of contract in the history of China's public bond issuance, which has further devastated the Shanghai PV industry.

From the perspective of the entire PV industry chain, the development of Shanghai PV companies lags behind the development of PV industry in major regions of the country. Polysilicon and ingot companies, Shanghai is almost blank; silicon wafer companies, only Jiujing, Comtec and other sporadic manufacturers, production capacity of less than 200MW (only 1% of the national production capacity); photovoltaic cell production, in Jiaotai After Yang was sold, there was only Super Solar and Shanghai Solar; the largest number of PV module manufacturers in each segment had a total production capacity of less than 1 GW (accounting for 3% of the country). In contrast, the polysilicon in a province adjacent to Shanghai has a capacity of 60,000 tons of polysilicon, an ingot slicing capacity of more than 15 GW, and a battery and module capacity of over 10 GW. The solar cell production capacity of Shanghai's photovoltaic industry is only 1/15 of that of Jiangsu Province, and even the provinces such as Hebei, Jiangxi, and Sichuan are far less economically smaller than those in Shanghai.

In terms of photovoltaic applications, although the Shanghai government is very concerned about photovoltaic applications, some of the policies introduced are still ahead of the country. However, due to the high density of buildings and high floors in Shanghai, Shanghai's photovoltaic applications have not been widely applied. Although some companies have obtained some exemplary applications in some typical buildings such as the World Expo and Hongqiao Hub, they have not been able to form scale. Take the “Golden Sun” subsidy project started in 2009. For example, in 2010, the National Development and Reform Commission has set a limit of 20MW for each province and city. Jiangsu, Jiangxi and other provinces apply for more than 300MW per year, but the enterprises applied for in Shanghai are far away. Below the limit of 20MW. Until 2013, the number of applications for photovoltaic applications in Shanghai began to increase, but most of them were active in Guodian, AVIC, etc., and there were few local companies in Shanghai.

2. Reasons for the lagging development of Shanghai's photovoltaic industry

It can be seen from the above that no matter from the manufacturing or application of the photovoltaic industry, regardless of the production capacity, output, fixed assets investment, profits, taxation and other indicators, Shanghai's photovoltaic industry development is seriously behind, and Shanghai, China's largest industrial city. The economic status is seriously inconsistent. After analysis, the author believes that the reasons for the backwardness of the Shanghai PV industry are as follows:

(1) Resource and environment constraints and cost constraints in Shanghai

Shanghai's manufacturing industry has also been subject to three constraints: first, limited land resources; large-scale photovoltaic manufacturing plants occupy a large area, and Shanghai, as China's largest economic center and municipality, has less land and less land. . The photovoltaic industry has a large demand for land, and the scarcity of Shanghai's land resources cannot meet the needs of Shanghai to develop large-scale photovoltaic enterprises. Second, it is the energy and environmental constraints; Shanghai has done a lot of work on energy conservation and emission reduction, but the task is still very heavy, and many of the photovoltaic manufacturing links have a large load capacity, not only the high cost of electricity, but also the possible pollution. The higher environmental requirements in Shanghai also impose restrictions on the photovoltaic industry. Third, high business costs; including labor costs, commodity housing prices, transportation costs, social security expenditures, education and medical expenditures, etc., are much higher than the surrounding Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces, and much higher than those in Jiangxi, Hebei, and Northwestern provinces. This is a problem that Chinese PV companies that are gradually falling into low-price competition have to consider.

(2) The construction of the “four centers” in Shanghai has led to “heavy three light two” and weakened support for manufacturing industry.

In 2007, Shanghai proposed the construction of “four centers”: the international economic center, the international financial center, the international trade center, and the international shipping center. Among them, the last three “centers” are service industries, and the first “economic center” is also based on the first three centers (because there are duplications, therefore, some experts suggest that the economic center can be cancelled and directly changed to "Three centers"). The proposal of the "four centers" shows that the future industrial focus of the Shanghai Municipal Government will be mainly placed in the tertiary industry of the service industry, and the support for the manufacturing industry as the secondary industry will naturally be relaxed. However, as Shanghai’s secondary industry still accounts for more than 45%, it is still an important support and main driving force for Shanghai’s economic growth. It also bears a large number of employed people. Therefore, it has to maintain the manufacturing industry. Moderate support.

Shanghai's manufacturing industry has long been a domestic leader. The Shanghai government now divides Shanghai's manufacturing industry into three levels: pillar industries, namely steel, ships, equipment, petrochemicals, electronic information, automobile manufacturing, etc.; emerging industries, namely biomedical, new energy, new materials; strategic industries, That is, aviation, aerospace, and marine industries. At present, Shanghai's taxation is basically supported by pillar industries, and strategic industries have to be invested. Therefore, the photovoltaic industry belonging to the second level---emerging industries, because of its small size, is not a rigid policy of the central government. The industry was once despised for a long time.

In fact, Shanghai's key development of the service industry and even the modern service industry is itself good. However, the development of advanced manufacturing is a necessary support for the development of modern service industries. While developing the service industry, it is necessary to develop the manufacturing industry at the same time. This is because the manufacturing industry is an insurmountable stage in the construction of the “four centers”. After entering the era of service economy, many international metropolises in the world are still important manufacturing bases in their countries. What's more, Shanghai's more than 20 million people and the current 45% of manufacturing industry are also destined to have to rely on manufacturing for a long time to solve the problem of taxation and employment.

(3) The government's support policy for the photovoltaic industry is not effective

In 2009, the Premier of the State Council personally announced China's policy of vigorously developing emerging strategic industries. As an important part of new energy, the photovoltaic industry has been included in important emerging strategic industries. However, many departments of the Shanghai Municipal Government did not cause real enough attention, mainly because some PV companies in Shanghai were too small, and sales were mostly at the level of 100 million yuan, even if there were several billion-level companies. Compared with Baosteel, Bailian, Petrochemical, SAIC and other companies that sell hundreds of billions of dollars a year, it is almost a drop in the ocean; therefore, it is difficult for the government to be interested in giving preferential policies and support to these photovoltaic enterprises that are still in their infancy and small in scale. And still focus on those pillar industries. In contrast, Jiangsu, Hebei, Jiangxi and other places have great support for PV companies, not only the central government and the provincial government's policies are in place, but also gave a lot of local special support, in just a few years. It has spawned a large number of photovoltaic enterprises with an output value of more than 10 billion.

In fact, the Shanghai government has formulated many supportive policies for the photovoltaic industry. Almost every time the central government is introduced, the Shanghai Municipal Government will convene relevant enterprises and industry associations in Shanghai to study the corresponding policies of Shanghai and introduce them soon. From the beginning of energy-saving emission reduction and energy-saving construction, to the policies of strategic emerging industries, and the industrialization of scientific and technological achievements, high-tech industrialization projects, technological transformation, and three funds in Shanghai, the photovoltaic industry has a certain inclination. However, there is a general lack of purpose, relevance and effectiveness. For example, advanced manufacturing is the priority support and development of the municipal government, and Shanghai, as an important equipment manufacturing base in China, can play its leading role in photovoltaic equipment manufacturing. However, in fact, Shanghai has only a number of manufacturing companies that are engaged in polysilicon equipment such as Pro, Hanhong, Sensong, Rijin, and Bohai. Although these companies have received more or less support from the Shanghai government level, However, in the wake of the financial tsunami and the double-anti-crisis crisis in Europe and the United States, these enterprises suffered from the severe winter of the market, but they also suffered from bankruptcy and bankruptcy. Many enterprises had to stagnate or change their careers, and they fend themselves in the waves and cold winters. The advantages that have been easily accumulated have been given to enterprises in Zhejiang, Hunan, Hebei and other places. This cannot but be said to be the regret of Shanghai, the largest equipment manufacturing base in China.

How to make the established and future support policies more targeted and effective is a new problem under the new situation of the photovoltaic industry, which is worthy of in-depth discussion by relevant departments of the municipal government.

(4) Shanghai's natural conditions were once mistaken for unsuitable development of photovoltaic applications.

As the largest industrial center in China, Shanghai is located in the south of the Yangtze River. The sunshine conditions are not very good. In addition, the city has high-rise buildings, strict urban construction management, and scarcity of land resources. Whether it is roof photovoltaic or ground photovoltaic application, it is subject to many restrictions. . These aspects have made many people think that Shanghai is not suitable for the development of photovoltaic applications, which restricts the promotion and application of photovoltaic power generation in Shanghai.

However, in Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces in the same Jiangnan, the climate and sunshine conditions are similar to those in Shanghai. The development of photovoltaics has mushroomed and is in the ascendant. In Germany, the world's largest photovoltaic power generation application, sunshine conditions are not as good as Shanghai, but the proportion of photovoltaic power generation has accounted for 20% of the grid capacity, reaching a total of 30GW. This shows that the application of photovoltaic market in Shanghai is not without prospects. The sunshine conditions and scarcity of land are not the reasons for limiting PV applications. It is important to find a model that suits them.

3. The necessity of developing photovoltaic industry in Shanghai

First, the photovoltaic industry has gradually become an alternative energy source from supplementary energy. With the advancement of urbanization and agricultural modernization, both agricultural production and electricity consumption in rural and urban areas have great growth potential. According to statistics, China's urbanization will add about 400 million kilowatts of electricity demand, and if coal-based thermal power generation is used to meet the entire demand, it will not only require high power grid construction costs, but also China. The already deteriorating environment has had a devastating impact. The distributed power generation unique to photovoltaic power generation coincides with the distribution of rural electricity consumption, which saves a lot of power grid construction costs, and does not produce environmental pollution such as carbon dioxide, acid rain, and haze; this is any other form of energy. Can not be replaced.

Second, the central government's understanding of the photovoltaic industry has been improved. Since the end of 2012, Europe and the United States have been reversing the Chinese PV industry. In fact, the deeper reason is to prevent China from leading its own development in the strategic new energy of photovoltaics. This also made the Chinese government aware of the strategic importance and urgency of the photovoltaic industry. The State Council has successively introduced a series of policies from the Prime Minister. On July 4, 2013, Guofa (2013) No. 24 of the State Council systematically expounded the significance of the photovoltaic industry and the supporting policies for the complete set. Moreover, the implementation rules of the series of support policies according to the document will continue Recently launched, it can be said that the policy conditions required for the development of China's photovoltaic industry are already in place.

Third, the photovoltaic industry can bring huge income to Shanghai. The photovoltaic industry is an industrial network composed of several huge industrial chains. First of all, it is often said that from polysilicon, silicon wafers, cells, modules, systems to photovoltaic power plants, the general output value of the photovoltaic industry, also refers to this line. This is the main line of the photovoltaic industry chain. In addition to this main line, there are several industrial chain branches with larger scale than the main line, for example, photovoltaic equipment industry chain and auxiliary materials industry chain, system integration, photovoltaic power generation structure manufacturing, distributed microgrid products, new energy power Energy service industries such as operations, training, testing, and emerging industries such as photovoltaic eco-agriculture. The main line of the photovoltaic industry chain and the above several branch lines together constitute a huge photovoltaic industry network. The output value of this network, in the current China alone, has exceeded the market size of one trillion yuan, and in a few years, it will exceed the annual output value of several hundred trillion yuan. To this end, Shanghai should use its own advantages to create a photovoltaic industry system with a full industrial chain. This system includes not only the entire industrial chain from mines to power stations, but also equipment manufacturing, R&D and fund platforms. Operation, the establishment of a smart microgrid based in Shanghai but with power stations throughout the country. The completion of this system will make Shanghai a leading city in China's photovoltaic industry, bringing hundreds of billions of annual output value and tens of billions of annual taxes to the Shanghai government, and even higher. This will not only improve Shanghai's economic growth, but also solve a large number of jobs. It will also enable Shanghai to make its due contribution to solving China's energy crisis and environmental crisis and ensuring China's national energy strategy security.

4. Advantages of Shanghai's development of photovoltaic industry

There are many restrictions on improving the development of photovoltaic industry in Shanghai. At the same time, Shanghai also has the advantage of developing photovoltaic industry that many other provinces do not have.

China's "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" has set a goal of 35 GW of photovoltaic power generation. It is estimated that by 2020, China's PV market will reach a scale of 200 GW; and the global PV market will reach a cumulative installed capacity of 500 GW by then. Although Shanghai has been lagging behind in the development of the photovoltaic industry in the past eight years, this economic crisis and the European and American double-reverse have brought opportunities for the photovoltaic industry in Shanghai for thousands of years. The following are described separately.

First of all, Shanghai has its own strong research and development strength and technical advantages.

In the vast PV industry network, Shanghai has more advantages than any province or city in the country. Shanghai has a strong industrial base, profound educational and scientific research capabilities, talented people, production experience and research and development capabilities in all aspects of the photovoltaic industry. It has excellent information and transportation capabilities and has a strong international financial center. The capital market has the ability to prepare and produce materials, has the strongest high-end equipment manufacturing capability in the country, has excellent business model of excellent headquarters economic system, and has a deep understanding and excellentness in various regions and various PV application markets in the world. The market experience of Shanghai; and Shanghai's excellent industrial supporting system and Shanghai-style corporate culture, to attract the world's management and technical talents and partners with the hearts and minds of the sea, these are all China's provinces and cities do not dare to look back. These advantages make Shanghai have the inherent advantages of developing the photovoltaic industry. This intrinsic advantage, combined with the construction of Shanghai's “four centers”, coupled with strong capital, fine layout and flexible models, will surely become a sustainable and strong market competitiveness, enabling Shanghai to be in the photovoltaic industry. In this fast-changing and growing market, we have won a proud victory.

Second, take advantage of the central support policy to give play to Shanghai’s policy advantages.

After recognizing the strategic significance of the photovoltaic industry, the Chinese government began to fully implement the policy of supporting China's photovoltaic industry, especially the No. 24 paper of the State Council of 2013, setting goals and guidelines for the rapid development of China's photovoltaic industry, and clearing the obstacles. This will provide the best environment and conditions for the development of China's photovoltaic industry; the Shanghai government has also recognized the huge development potential of the photovoltaic industry as a strategic emerging industry, and is actively promoting the development of related industries. As long as the development direction of Shanghai's photovoltaic industry is organically integrated with the needs of the country and the industry, Shanghai's photovoltaic industry has the development advantage of “the right place and the right place” and has huge room for development. Although Shanghai's lighting resources are not good, due to the high purchase price of industrial and commercial products in Shanghai, the development of distributed photovoltaic power generation has a great market advantage. According to estimates, the same cost of distributed photovoltaic power plants, if the recovery period in northern Jiangsu is 10 years, then only 8 years in Shanghai. As long as we temporarily avoid high-rise buildings in the urban area and prioritize photovoltaic power generation applications in large shopping malls and supermarkets, public buildings, industrial and commercial buildings in urban and suburban areas, Shanghai's distributed photovoltaic power generation will have a large market. potential. In addition, combined with Shanghai's marine economic strategy, the active development of offshore photovoltaic power generation is also a good way to solve the electricity used by beaches, islands and ships. Therefore, Shanghai's photovoltaic power generation applications also have great prospects.

In addition to the development of photovoltaic manufacturing and photovoltaic applications, the Shanghai Municipal Government can build a number of systems integration, operation and maintenance, analytical testing, and assessment, insurance, financing around the photovoltaic system by encouraging the promotion of photovoltaic power generation projects, especially distributed photovoltaic power generation. The modern energy service industry of the industry and the use of the reform advantages of the Shanghai Free Trade Zone to encourage Shanghai's PV companies to export in the form of service trade will be a new highlight in the construction of Shanghai's “four centers”.

Third, the Shanghai PV industry can be lightly loaded.

Although the current PV market is generally good for a long time, China's PV industry will continue to reshuffle in the second half of 2013. This is a continuation of the previous two years. Those who do not have their own technology and unique business model, rely solely on funds. The large-scale photovoltaic enterprises that are getting up are destined to gradually lose their competitiveness and die out; this is a bloody competition that no one can stop.

The existing large-scale photovoltaic enterprises in China and the world, due to the backwardness of equipment, have caused huge inefficient production capacity not only to become a driving force for development, but also because of high cost, low efficiency and lack of competitiveness. Therefore, the huge scale has become a heavy The burden of the package. Nowadays, in Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Hebei, Sichuan and other photovoltaic provinces, many early-stage production enterprises have been outdated and cannot meet the quality and cost requirements of the current photovoltaic industry. Therefore, the pressure for shutdown, bankruptcy and loss is enormous. Not only is it difficult for companies to move forward, but it also puts tremendous pressure on the local government; even those PV companies that can survive the recovery have lost their competitiveness due to heavy losses. In the upcoming new round of PV development climax, only those enterprises with independent innovation, strong capital and deep understanding of the development of the photovoltaic industry will be able to stand out and develop.

Although Shanghai was temporarily behind in the previous stage of PV development, it did not carry the heavy burden caused by backward PV capacity. However, due to the small number and small scale of photovoltaic enterprises in Shanghai, such burdens are relatively small, and most of the photovoltaic enterprises in Shanghai are enterprises with more advanced technology and stronger innovation, and the environment of Shanghai is also suitable for business model innovation. As a result, PV companies in Shanghai can now move lightly and use the most advanced technology to compete in the market with the lowest investment, lowest cost and best quality. As the technology of the photovoltaic industry continues to mature and stabilize, the speed of technology updates, especially equipment renewal, will gradually slow down. The technological advantages of Shanghai's PV companies will be accumulated and will continue to rise. As long as Shanghai's PV companies seize the turning point of the current industrial transformation period and give full play to their own advantages, they will be able to bend over and achieve leap-forward development from now on.

Fourth, Shanghai has a first-mover advantage in reform

The advantages of Shanghai's trade center, shipping center, and financial center, especially the State Council's policy of just approving the establishment of the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone, will greatly enhance these three advantages; and the special policy combination of the Shanghai Free Trade Zone Shanghai's “headquarters economy” model of “two in Shanghai and in the middle” can enable Shanghai's photovoltaic industry to avoid the shortcomings of scarcity and scarcity of resources in Shanghai, and to take advantage of R&D, trade, finance, shipping and equipment manufacturing. The regional cooperation model that achieves complementary resources and complementary advantages will enable Shanghai's PV companies to have the greatest competitive advantage. Shanghai's R&D strength, equipment manufacturing advantages and international information exchange advantages make Shanghai's development of the photovoltaic industry have external advantages that are not available in any city in the country or even in the world. As long as Shanghai focuses on building a series of R&D centers, financing centers, trade centers and equipment manufacturing bases for the photovoltaic industry, it will guide Shanghai PV companies to carry out the industrial chain layout, and use Shanghai as the base to carry out the operation and integration of national smart PV microgrids. Maintaining the construction of the testing center, and deploying it globally, using the resources, policies, laws, technologies and markets to establish the most suitable development business model, so that not only can the photovoltaic enterprises in Shanghai have the advantages that other enterprises cannot have. Moreover, it also has strong anti-risk ability.

From the above four aspects, the photovoltaic industry developed in Shanghai has the advantages of technology innovation and model innovation. It has the dual advantages of technological innovation and model innovation. It is in a favorable macroeconomic environment for the development of the photovoltaic industry. In Shanghai, the reform highland that is currently the most suitable for the development of the photovoltaic industry, if the headquarters economy is used to take advantage of the advantageous resources from Shanghai to the whole country and even the whole world, the leading technological advantages and advanced business models unique to Shanghai enterprises are It is certain that Shanghai's photovoltaic industry will be transformed from a strategic new industry into a pillar industry in Shanghai in a relatively short period of time.

5. Support measures taken by the Shanghai government for the photovoltaic industry

As mentioned above, the photovoltaic industry has now become a strategic industry related to national environmental security and energy strategic security, and the development of the photovoltaic industry urgently needs technological innovation and business model innovation.

Recently, the State Council approved the establishment of the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone, which not only provided advantages for Shanghai's finance, trade and shipping, but also brought tremendous opportunities for the development of the manufacturing industry. Shanghai PV companies should make full use of the free trade zone and the “headquarters economy” policy, and put the research and development, equipment manufacturing, marketing, and corporate financing in Shanghai on the principle of “two in Shanghai and in the middle”, which will occupy resources such as land and electricity. The consumption-intensive production and manufacturing sectors are placed in other provinces, so that Shanghai's own advantages can be fully utilized and exploited to avoid the weakness of land resources scarcity. Through the model of the headquarters economy, we will seize the historical development opportunity of the current PV industry from the low to the peak period, and establish an efficient operation of the photovoltaic industry headquarters economic system in the country and the world before the next PV industry peak, as long as the layout is right, With sufficient preparations, it will be able to have the advantages that other regions at home and abroad cannot have, and it can fully cultivate a large number of large-scale photovoltaic enterprises with output value exceeding 10 billion or even 100 billion, making Shanghai photovoltaic industry a new growth highlight of Shanghai's industrial economy. And make Shanghai a photovoltaic production base and a photovoltaic equipment manufacturing base in China and the world.

The development of Shanghai's photovoltaic industry can increase the annual output value of hundreds of billion yuan for Shanghai in a few years, bring tens of billions of fiscal and tax revenue to Shanghai every year, and promote Shanghai's current dependence on traditional industries such as steel, petrochemicals and automobiles. The transition to photovoltaics, an emerging strategic industry, and the transition of the photovoltaic industry from emerging industries to pillar industries, forming a new strategic growth point.

With these advantages, coupled with the strategic opportunities currently facing the photovoltaic industry, Shanghai has the opportunity to make its own photovoltaic industry come to the forefront and become a pivotal photovoltaic industry base in China. It is recommended that the Shanghai Municipal Government can take the following measures to support the development of the city's photovoltaic industry.

(1) Encourage independent innovation and improve the competitiveness of enterprises

Technological innovation is a fundamental measure to enhance the international competitiveness of enterprises. We will continue to implement the “Zhangjiang” strategy and promote the “Science and Technology Little Giant” project series to encourage innovation, actively build a public service platform related to the photovoltaic industry, promote high-tech industrialization and achievements transformation projects in the photovoltaic industry, and improve Shanghai. The competitiveness of the city's photovoltaic enterprises.

(2) Developing large-scale enterprises by promoting major projects

Large-scale enterprises are the mainstay of the photovoltaic manufacturing industry. Major projects are an important starting point for promoting the photovoltaic manufacturing industry. They can use the existing six industrial bases to build or build new photovoltaic industry manufacturing bases, cultivate large-scale photovoltaic enterprises in Shanghai, and cultivate Shanghai. At the same time, the photovoltaic brand can also introduce internationally renowned enterprises and brands, and through the introduction and grafting, form their own well-known brands. Driven by large enterprises, the scale advantage of Shanghai's photovoltaic industry will be formed, and an internationally influential photovoltaic manufacturing base will be formed.

(3) Improve and use live industries and regional policies

The photovoltaic industry is currently one of the few industries in Shanghai and even China that can occupy the high-end of the global industrial chain, and is an industry that can drive a large number of jobs. In recent years, Shanghai has a number of industrial development policies, and some documents have been issued for the photovoltaic industry. In 2013, the State Council’s No. 24 document should set the tone for Shanghai’s PV industry policy, while the Shanghai Free Trade Zone, which was listed in September 2013, and Shanghai’s existing headquarters economic policy, can be used for Shanghai’s PV. Enterprises avoid Shanghai's environmental resources constraints, give play to Shanghai's advantages, and provide adequate policy guarantees for stable, rapid and sustainable development. The municipal government can make full use of the advantages of the free trade zone and the headquarters economy in view of the high degree of internationalization and high degree of technology of the photovoltaic industry, and encourage enterprises to adopt innovative models to make use of national and global resources to generate income for Shanghai enterprises. service.

In short, although the photovoltaic industry in Shanghai, like the international photovoltaic industry, has suffered from the cold winter and baptism of the market, it faces severe challenges. However, with the above advantages of Shanghai and the historic opportunity for photovoltaics to move toward alternative energy, Shanghai The photovoltaic industry will certainly be able to come to the fore, set a new position in the world's photovoltaic forest, establish a monument, and will become a beautiful landscape of Shanghai's new economy.

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